ANCIENT INDIA NCERT PROF.R.S.SHARMA PDF
Results 1 – 16 of OLD NCERT BOOKS – 1) Ancient India- R.S. SHARMA India’s Ancient Past Edition . by Prof. R. S. Sharma and Vasanti Fadake. Ancient India R S Sharma Pdf Download Old NCERT NCERT, Book, History,. WhatsApp. Print Friendly Version of this page Print Get a PDF. The NCERT had entrusted the lesponsibility of preparing courses and . CHAPTER 1 The Importance of Ancient Indian History The study of ancient Indian .
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The book is little bit hard to understand but if we pay some interest then we can easily understand. In Malwa and Rajasthan stylized bull terracottas show that the bull served as a religious cult. Numer- ous articles used for weights have been found.
Harappan pots were generally decorated with ; the designs of trees and circles.
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In Mohenjo-daro the largest building is a granary, which is 45,71 metres long and Another notable fact is that the ancients epics, the Ramayana and the Mahabharata, were studied with the’ same zeal and devotion ifi the land of the Tamils as m the intellectual circles of Banaras and Taxila.
No hoe or ploughshare has been discovered, but the furrows discovered in the pre-Harappan phase at Kalibangan show that the fields were ploughed in Rajasthan in the Uarappan peiiod The Harappans probably used 1 the wooden ploughshare. The growth and diffusion of various aspects of civilization such as social classes, state formation, and political institutions have been treated clearly.
The neolithic phase seems to have covered the period from about B. The term history is generally associated with mundane and uninteresting recording of facts.
The Age of the Satavahanas. The Copper Age in India More than forty hoards consisting of copper objects have been found in a wide area ranging from the Chotanagpur plateau to the upper Gangetic basin But nearly half of them are concentrated in the Ganga-Yamuna doab, in other areas we encounter stray finds of such hoards. However, some officers seem to have been attached to territories. The unity of India was also recognized by foreigners.
A little earlier than B. The formation of the first empire in Magadha in the sixth to fourth centuries B C owed much to the availability qf iron just south of tins region. It tells us how, when and where people developed the earliest cultures in our countiy. It contains narialive, descriptive. C or even later. We hear of a proposal made by Yanu, the twin-sister of Yama, for establishing love relations, but the offer is resisted by Yama.
They first came into contact with the people living on the Sindhu or the Indus, and so they named the whole country after this river. Mention the languages which were in use in ancient India. Give an account of the main river systems of India 3.
Coin moulds made of burnt clay have been discov- ered in large numbers. We also possess the works of Bhasa, Kalidasa, and Banabhatta. As the local resources were not sufficient to maintain the gold currency over a long spell of time, once the supply from outside stopped, gold coins became prof.r.s.shamra. Of these the two most important cities were Harappa in Panjab and Mohepjo-daro in Sindh, both form- ing parts of Pakistan. We come across a series of brick platforms which formed the basis for two rows of six granaries.
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The idea of time, which is another vital element in history, is found in inscriptions. Perhaps the I Harapppn rulers were more concerned with commerce than with conquests, and Harappa, was possibly ruled by a class of merchants.
It also appears that the Harappans used some kind of modern ekka. Nestled in the Himalayas are the valleys of Kashmir and Nepal. The images ofmen are also found on some pottery fragments. Narayanan, Shu S H. On the other hand axes and other objects made of copper are numerous because raw cop- The following Chalcohlhic sites are shown region-wise: Various causes have been suggested. They produced several pulses such prof.r.sharma the lentil masurblack gram, green gram, and glass pea, Almost all these foodgrains have been found at Navdatoli situa- ted on the bank of the Narmada in Maharash- tra.
The Age of the Mauryas. The earliest date for Burzahom is about B. The Aryans did not lead a settled life, with the result that they could not leave behind any solid material remains.
Nor can we say anything about the religious beliefs of the Harappans without being able to prof.s.sharma their script. Account for the end of the Harappan civilization. Each gra- nary prof.r.x.sharma 15,23 metres x 6. Remains of the carnal have also been found. People did not know the art of mixing tin with copper and thus forging the much stronger and useful metal called bronze.
The titles of the officials do not indicate their administration of territory. The Maruts personify the storm Thus we have a large num- ber of gods, who represent the different forces of nature in one form or 1 another!
Its total area ijdia 4, square kilometres. Weights and Measures The knowledge of script must have helped the recording of private property and the keeping of accounts. Sharma only Conclusion 6. Then the entire camping ground was put to fire and cleared for camping pof.r.s.sharma the next season. Precious stones formed an important item of trade in the articles which were eagerly sought for by the Romans m the early centuries of the Christian era.
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The Vedic people imdia have used the copper mines of Khetri in Rajasthan. At Ahar stone axes or blades are completely absent. It consisted of bowls and’ dishes, which were used either for rituals or for eating or for both, but by the upper orders Glass hoards and bangles found in the PGW layers may have been used, as prestige objects by a few persons On the whole both Orof.r.s.sharma texts and excavations indicate the cultivation of specialized crafts.
The king was called the protector of his trib’e.
For construction and tool- making all kinds of stones including sandstone aio available in the country.