Mathematics is one of the foremost field that culminated in all the scientific developments. Be it a space mission or an invention, use of mathematics is inevitable. Aryabhata: (b. ) astronomer and the earliest Indian mathematician whose work is available to modern scholars. Aryabhatta was born in Kerala and lived from AD to AD, he completed his education from the ancient university of Nalanda and later.

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In Ganita Aryabhata names the first 10 decimal places and gives algorithms for obtaining square and cubic roots, using the decimal number system. The Aryabhatiya is also remarkable for its description of relativity of motion.

This is not the Lanka that hiography now known as Sri Lanka; Aryabhata is very clear in stating that Lanka is 23 degrees south of Ujjain. Also see earlier overview: Internet URLs are the best. Aryabhata also correctly ascribed the luminosity of the Moon matheematician planets to reflected sunlight. Archived copy as title link. Calendric calculations devised by Aryabhata and his followers have been in continuous use in India for the practical purposes of fixing the Panchangam the Hindu calendar.

Biography of aryabhatta only in 50-100 words

While there is a tendency to misspell his name as “Aryabhatta” by analogy with other names having the ” bhatta ” suffix, his name is properly spelled Aryabhata: The Indian government named its first satellite Aryabhata launched in his honour. Later writers substituted it with jaibmeaning “pocket” or “fold in a garment “. He devised the formula for calculating areas of triangles and circles.


Aryabhata did not use the Brahmi numerals; he used letters of the alphabet to denote numbers.

Aryabhatta is one of the great Mathematician in ancient times. Notify me of follow-up comments by email.

His disciple Bhaskara I calls it Ashmakatantra or the treatise from the Ashmaka. On the mqthematician hand, greater cycles were calculated in order to include the revolutions of….

The first chapter of the text is called Gitikapada, containing 13 verses, based on cosmology and discusses planetary revolution as well. It claims that it is a translation by Aryabhata, but the Sanskrit name of this work is not known. A Textbook of Hindu Astronomy.

Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Retrieved 6 July He also realized that second-order sine difference is proportional to sine. He did not use the Brahmi numerals, and continued the Sanskritic tradition from Vedic times of using letters of the alphabet to denote numbers, expressing quantities in a mnemonic form. Some archaeological evidence suggests that he came from the present day Kodungallur, the historical capital city of Thiruvanchikkulam of ancient Kerala – this theory is strengthened by the several matgematician on him having come from Kerala.

Indian Mathematics and Astronomy: He was born in CE in Bihar. Similarly, the fact that several commentaries on the Aryabhatiya have come from Kerala has been used to suggest that it was Aryabhata’s main place of life and activity; however, many commentaries have come from outside Kerala, and the Aryasiddhanta was completely unknown in Kerala. The book dealt with many topics like astronomy, spherical trigonometry, arithmetic, algebra and plane trigonometry.


Views Read View source View history. He asserted that the planets shine due to the reflection of sunlight, and that the eclipses occur due to the shadows of moon and earth. Indian National Science Academy, However, Aryabhata did not use the Brahmi numerals.

Secondary School Math 5 points. He asserted that aryabhatta planets shine due to the reflection of sunlight, and that the eclipses occur due to the shadows of moon and earth.

The next chapter includes 33 verses and is called Ganitapada. For his explicit mention of the relativity of motion, he also qualifies as a major early physicist.

Aryabhatta Biography – mathematician, facts and contribution to Astronomy

He correctly stated that the earth rotates about its axis daily. Aryabhatiya ends with spherical astronomy in Golawhere he applied plane trigonometry to spherical geometry by projecting points and lines on the surface of a sphere onto appropriate planes.

In fact, modern names “sine” and “cosine” are mistranscriptions of the words jya and kojya as introduced by Aryabhata. It turns out that the smallest value for N is