CULTURE DU SAFOUTIER PDF
des variétés supérieures de safoutier, manguier du Gabon, kolatier et plusieurs autres .. de «Akpi» poussent à présent à côté du cacao, sa culture principale. Safou (African pear) is a tropical fruit which belongs to the trees Dacryodes edulis L. and belongs . J. () Guide de la culture du safoutier. Au Cameroun Toute la partie méridionale du pays, d’Ambam à l’escarpement de N’gaoundéré est propice à la culture du safoutier. Partout dans cette zone.
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Biotechnologie, Agronomie, Societe et Environnement Volume: The resin can also be used as a varnish. The tree favours acidic soils, with organic matter in the surface horizon, this improves its growth and production.
The safou tree is not yet a plantation crop, but is currently grown in small orchards. Get our free safotier on rainwater now – To Catch the Rain. Safou bark produces a resin that is used in local medicine for the treatment of parasitic diseases skin and jiggers.
Safou can grow to an altitude of m, but both mature and young trees are susceptible to frost.
Most producing countries do not grow the safou tree on a commercial scale and fruits are collected from trees that grow in the wild and in home gardens. The bark is scented, resinous and pale-grey in colour.
View on content provider’s site. Air layering is the most common method of vegetative propagation. Selections 0 Clear all lists. What are the uses of the safou tree? Describe the connection issue. The species is dioecious, the flowers being unisexual after abortion of one sex.
Culture of the African plum is widespread in anthropized areas, mainly in domestic gardens. The seed kernel contains a high protein content and is often used as a livestock fodder.
Lam is an important fruit culthre because of its nutritional value and its place within both the economy and the socio-cultural context. Editions CLE, Yaounde, p Retrieved from ” http: Presses Universitaires de Yaounde.
When planted out, young trees require adequate soil moisture to become well established ripe fruit, however, has a short storage life in humid climates 2 – 8 days without refrigeration. It occurs in non-flooded forests in humid tropical zones, but in drier areas safou prefers slightly swampy ground. The views expressed are not Email: The safou tree is native to the humid lowlands and culturs regions of Central Africa and the Gulf of Guinea, but the species has now been introduced to parts safutier Malaysia.
For seed propagation, fruits should be selected from trees with good production and quality. The tree is well known for its fruits safouwhich are rich in protein, fat, fibre, minerals and essential amino acids. The market and agronomic potential of this species has not yet been sufficiently studied in Gabon.
The tree is an evergreen oleiferous tropical fruit tree which grows in the humid and sub-humid climates of West and Central Africa. The fresh pulp has a pear-like flavour and oily flesh. It favours moist, shade conditions and is often incorporated into multi-farming systems, especially in its early years of growth.
Economics of the safou tree – The safou tree is an economically important species 7 tonnes of oil per hectare is extractable from cultivated safou.
Numerous scientific studies carried out in neighboring countries have revealed excellent nutritional qualities of the safou pulp and interesting food properties of the oil extracted from both the safou pulp and the seed kernel. Views Read Edit View history. The flowers are small 0. Sxfoutier Cameroon the total annual production of safou has been estimated at tonnes inbut less than tonnes end up in marketing channels due to poor storage, poor transport links and home production.
Cultivation of the African plum Dacryodes edulis G. The pulp and seeds are traditionally sun-dried or roasted to extend the shelf life, though this can effect the nutritional value increasing the acid content of the pulp and decreasing the iodine content. After a number of weeks, the growing roots can be observed through the polythene film, the branch can then be severed and potted. The oil, which is extracted from both the pulp and the seed, is rich in palmitic, oleic and linoleic acids.
Seeds are recalcitrant and should be extracted from the fruit with care to avoid injury. It is safouier hard and usually consumed after boiling or roasting. The oil is used for cosmetic and industrial purposes. It is used to make tool handles, mortars and is suitable for carpentry, firewood and timber. The cut area is covered with a soil mixture and kept in position with clear polythene film. The soil moisture content is critical for good root cupture, especially for young trees in their establishment stage.
The trees will bear fruit in 4 – 5 years.
Local production is limited but is offset by significant imports from border countries. A small area of bark is removed from a good quality tree. The tree is easy to cultivate and can grow in a wide range of farming systems.
There is no detailed study of the pests affecting D.
Guide de la culture du Safoutier
In Gabon, the African plum Dacryodes edulis [G. Wafoutier genus Cutlure contains thirty-four species, 2 in Tropical America, 19 in Africa and 13 species in the Malaysian archipelago. SearchWorks Catalog Stanford Libraries. Vegetative propagation by both air layering and stem cutting is relatively cheap and easy but results can be inconsistent often dependent on the trees’ phenological state prior to propagation.
The fruits are harvested when other crops are out of season and provides a staple food for months of the year in some areas. An oil can be extracted by distillation from the pulp and seeds.