Biographies of the 4 Rightly guided Khalifahs. 1. Sayyiduna Abu Bakr As- Siddeeq. 2. Sayyiduna ‘Umar Ibn Al-Khattab 3. Sayyiduna Uthman Ibn Affan 4. I assume you know what sahaba means — companions of rasulullah. The Khulafa Ar-Rashideen are four specific companions of rasulullah.

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Rashidun Caliphate

People had gathered around ‘Ali and listened to his speech until he was finished. This huge army set out for their destination. It was ruled by the first four successive caliphs successors of Muhammad after his death in CE AH The job of adjudicating orthodoxy and Islamic law was left to Islamic lawyersjudiciary, or specialists individually termed as Mujtahids and collectively named the Ulema.

Abu Bakr began with Iraqthe richest province of the Sasanian Empire. The new buildings were constructed from mud bricks instead of reeds, a material that was popular in the region, but caught fire easily. The Sword of Allah: This reform was introduced in Crucially, in conquered lands, Umar did not require that non-Muslim populations convert to Islam, nor did he try to centralize government.

The Caliphate under Ali emerged victorious and the dispute was settled.

Khalid suggested that they should summon all of their forces present in the province of Syria Syria, Jordan, Palestine and to make a powerful joint force and then move towards the plain of Yarmouk for battle. On assuming office, the Governor was required to assemble the people in the main mosqueand read the instrument of instructions before them.

InAli was assassinated by Ibn Muljam as part of a Kharijite plot to assassinate all the different Islamic leaders meaning to end the civil war, whereas the Kharijites failed to assassinate Mu’awiya and ‘Amr ibn al-‘As. Soon, Abu Ubaidah arrived in June The Rashidun army was the primary military body of the Islamic armed forces of the 7th century, serving alongside the Rashidun navy. The Arabs had only recently conquered large territories that still had to be garrisoned and administered.


When people were stingy in their support for the Messenger of Allah salAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam you comforted him.

Rashidun – Wikipedia

The ordinary Muslim citizens got allowances of between and Buildings known as Bait-ul-Mal were constructed to house royal treasuries. In kbulfa analysis of the shura chapter of the Qur’an, Qutb argued Islam requires only that the ruler consult with at least some of the ruled usually the elitewithin the general context of God-made laws that the ruler must execute.

Other columns were sent to Anatolia as far west as the Taurus Mountainsthe important city of Marash and Malatya which were all conquered by Khalid in the autumn of CE. Then the question arose as to what basis should be kbulfa for placing some above others.

Views Read Edit View history. This army however could not make it to Damascus and was intercepted by Abu Ubaidah and Khalid on their way to Emesa. Sunnis also equate this system with the worldly success that was promised by Allah, in the Quran and hadithto those Muslims who pursued His pleasure; this spectacular success has further added to the emulatory appeal of the Rashidun era.

What is difference between Khulfa-e-rashideen and Sahaba?

Rashidun Caliphate – Wikipedia

He was defeated rashidee killed in the battle due to superb tactics used by Abdullah ibn Zubayr. Views Sunni view of Ali Shi’a view of Ali. Quran Sunnah Hadith Tafsir Seerah.

After a protest turned into a siege, Uthman refused to initiate any military action, in order to avoid civil war between Muslims, and preferred negotiations. Many tribal leaders made claims to prophethood; some made it during the lifetime of Muhammad. The committee narrowed down the choices to two: You must then follow my sunnah and that of the rightly-guided caliphs. Ghanimah or Khums was the booty captured on the occasion of war with the enemy.

June Learn how and when to remove this template message. The new caliph continued the war of conquests begun by his predecessor, pushing further into the Sasanian Persian Empirenorth into Byzantine territory, and west into Egypt. Thus for one year Uthman maintained the pattern of political administration as it stood under Umar, however later w made some amendments. Caliph Ali also followed the same method. Civil welfare in Islam started in the form of the construction and purchase of wells.


The Muslims proclaimed it the Victory of Victories Fath alfotuh as it marked rasideen End of the Sasaniansshattering the last strongest Sasanian army. The canal was constructed within a eashideen by ‘Amr ibn al-‘Asand Abdus Salam Nadiv writes khjlfa “Arabia was rid of famine for all the times to come. The Muslims damaged the cathedral in the center of the city, but the battle also went in favor of Makuria. By now, almost the whole of Iraq was under Islamic control.

Al-Asqalani used two ayahs khufa the Qur’an to justify this:. The purpose of the canal was to facilitate the transport of grain to Arabia through a sea-route, hitherto transported only by land. Syria, ,hulfa divided into two provinces, also become a single division.

Of all people, you were the best Companion to the Messenger of Allah salAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam ; you possessed the best qualities; you had the best past; you ranked the highest; and you were closest to him. The First Ten Steps illustrated ed. They also possessed spears and daggers. Your speech has always been characterized by the qualities of wisdom and decisiveness.

Muslim conquest of Syria. Khalid divided his army into three units, and decided to attack these auxiliaries one by one from three different sides at night, starting with the Battle of Muziehthen the Battle of Sanniand finally the Battle of Zumail.

Reconstructing the military equipment of early Muslim armies is khlfa.